Alexa.EqualizerController Interface

Implement the Alexa.EqualizerController capability interface in your Alexa skill so that users can set and adjust the equalizer bands and sound modes of a smart entertainment device. For more information about equalizers, see Equalization (audio) on Wikipedia.

For the list of locales that are supported for the EqualizerController interface, see List of Capability Interfaces and Supported Locales.

Utterances

When you use the Alexa.EqualizerController interface, the voice interaction model is already built for you. The following examples show some user utterances:

Alexa, set bass to -2 on the speakers.
Alexa, increase bass on the stereo.
Alexa, increase bass by 3 on the stereo.
Alexa, reset bass on the TV.
Alexa, reset equalizer on the speakers.
Alexa, set mode to movie on the TV.

After the user says one of these utterances, Alexa sends a corresponding directive to your skill.

Properties

The bands property

The Alexa.EqualizerController interface uses the bands property to represent the different bands, and the level of each, for the equalizer on a device. The bands property is an array of band objects.

Band object details

Field Description Type
name The name of the band. One of BASS, TREBLE, or MIDRANGE. String
value The discrete frequency value (level) of the equalizer band. You specify the range of levels that your device supports in your discovery response. Integer
levelDirection When adjusting a band, the direction to adjust the level relative to the current setting. One of UP or DOWN. String
levelDelta When adjusting a band, the amount by which to adjust the level relative to the current setting. If levelDelta, is not specified, adjust the level by the default amount. Integer

Bands property example

This example reports the current value of 3 bands.

{
  "name": "bands",
  "value": [
    {
      "name": "BASS",
      "value": 0
    },
    {
      "name": "MIDRANGE",
      "value": 3
    },
    {
      "name": "TREBLE",
      "value": 1
    }
  ]
},

The mode property

The Alexa.EqualizerController interface uses the mode property to indicate the equalizer mode of the device, if one is set. The property is a string; valied values are MOVIE, MUSIC, NIGHT, SPORT, TV.

Mode property example

{
  "name": "mode",
  "value": "MOVIE"
}

Discovery

You describe endpoints that support Alexa.EqualizerController using the standard discovery mechanism described in Alexa.Discovery.

Set retrievable to true for the properties that you report when Alexa sends your skill a state report request. Set proactivelyReported to true for the properties that you proactively report to Alexa in a change report.

Use SPEAKER, TV, STREAMING_DEVICE, GAME_CONSOLE, or other appropriate display category. For the full list of display categories, see display categories.

In addition to the usual discovery response fields, for EqualizerController, include a configurations object that contains the following fields. You must specify at least one of bands or modes.

Field Description Type
bands The bands that your device supports. Omit this field if your device only supports pre-set equalizer modes. Object
bands.supported The names of the bands that your device supports. Valid values are BASS, TREBLE, and MIDRANGE. Array
bands.range The minimum and maximum values for the range of band levels that your device supports. Object
modes The pre-set equalizer modes that your device supports. Omit this field if your device only supports bands. Object
modes.supported The names of the modes that your device supports. Valid values are MOVIE, MUSIC, NIGHT, SPORT, and TV. Array

Discover response example

The following example shows a Discover.Response message for a television that supports the Alexa.EqualizerController and Alexa.PowerController interfaces. For the full list of recommended interfaces for a television, see Smart Home Skill Device Templates.

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Discovery",
      "name": "Discover.Response",
      "payloadVersion": "3",
      "messageId": "<message id>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "endpoints": [
        {
          "endpointId": "<unique ID of the endpoint>",
          "manufacturerName": "<the manufacturer name of the endpoint>",
          "description": "Smart Television by Television Maker",
          "friendlyName": "Living Room TV",
          "displayCategories": ["TV"],
          "cookie": {},
          "capabilities": [
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
              "version": "3",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "bands"
                  },
                  {
                    "name": "mode"
                  }
                ],
                "retrievable": true,
                "proactivelyReported": true
              },
              "configurations": {
                "bands": {
                  "supported": [
                    {
                      "name": "BASS"
                    },
                    {
                      "name": "MIDRANGE"
                    },
                    {
                      "name": "TREBLE"
                    }
                  ],
                  "range": {
                    "minimum": -6,
                    "maximum": 6
                  }
                },
                "modes": {
                  "supported": [
                    {
                      "name": "MOVIE"
                    },
                    {
                      "name": "MUSIC"
                    },
                    {
                      "name": "SPORT"
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.PowerController",
              "version": "3",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "powerState"
                  }
                ],
                "retrievable": true,
                "proactivelyReported": true
              }
            },
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa",
              "version": "3"
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Directives

SetMode directive

Support the SetMode directive so that users can set the audio mode of their devices.

The following example shows a user utterance:

Alexa, set mode to movie on the Living Room TV.

SetMode directive payload details

Field Description Type
mode The mode to set the device to. String

SetMode directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
      "name": "SetMode",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>",
      "cookie": {}
    },
    "payload": {
       "mode": "MOVIE"
    }
  }
}

SetMode response event

If you handle a SetMode directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Response event. In the context object, include the values of all relevant properties. You can respond synchronously or asynchronously. If you respond asynchronously, include a scope with an authorization token.

SetMode response event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa",
      "name": "Response",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>"
    },
    "payload": {}
  },
  "context": {
    "properties": [
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "mode",
        "value": "MOVIE",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "bands",
        "value": [
          {
            "name": "BASS",
            "value": 0
          },
          {
            "name": "MIDRANGE",
            "value": 3
          },
          {
            "name": "TREBLE",
            "value": 1
          }
        ],
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.PowerController",
        "name": "powerState",
        "value": "ON",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 500
      }
    ]
  }
}

SetMode directive error handling

If you can't handle a SetMode directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.ErrorResponse event. Use the INVALID_VALUE error type if the user requests a mode that your device does not support.

SetBands directive

Support the SetBands directive so that users can set the equalizer bands on their devices.

The following example shows a user utterance:

Alexa, set bass to -2 on the Living Room TV.

SetBands directive payload details

Field Description Type
bands The bands, and level for each, to set on the device. Array

SetBands directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
      "name": "SetBands",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>",
      "cookie": {}
    },
    "payload": {
      "bands": [
        {
          "name": "BASS",
          "value": -2
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

SetBands response event

If you handle a SetBands directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Response event. In the context object, include the values of all relevant properties. You can respond synchronously or asynchronously. If you respond asynchronously, include a scope with an authorization token.

SetBands response event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa",
      "name": "Response",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>"
    },
    "payload": {}
  },
  "context": {
    "properties": [
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "mode",
        "value": "MOVIE",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "bands",
        "value": [
          {
            "name": "BASS",
            "value": -2
          },
          {
            "name": "MIDRANGE",
            "value": 3
          },
          {
            "name": "TREBLE",
            "value": 1
          }
        ],
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.PowerController",
        "name": "powerState",
        "value": "ON",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 500
      }
    ]
  }
}

SetBands directive error handling

If you can't handle a SetBands directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.ErrorResponse event. Use the INVALID_VALUE error type if the user requests a value or band that your device does not support.

AdjustBands directive

Support the AdjustBands directive so that users can adjust the equalizer bands on their devices, relative to their current settings.

The following example shows a user utterance:

Alexa, increase bass by 3 on the Living Room TV.

AdjustBands directive payload details

Field Description Type
bands The bands, and level adjustment for each, to change on the device. Array

AdjustBands directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
      "name": "AdjustBands",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>",
      "cookie": {}
    },
    "payload": {
      "bands": [
        {
          "name": "BASS",
          "levelDelta": 3,
          "levelDirection": "UP"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

AdjustBands response event

If you handle an AdjustBands directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Response event. In the context object, include the values of all relevant properties. You can respond synchronously or asynchronously. If you respond asynchronously, include a scope with an authorization token.

AdjustBands response event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa",
      "name": "Response",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>"
    },
    "payload": {}
  },
  "context": {
    "properties": [
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "mode",
        "value": "MOVIE",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "bands",
        "value": [
          {
            "name": "BASS",
            "value": 1
          },
          {
            "name": "MIDRANGE",
            "value": 3
          },
          {
            "name": "TREBLE",
            "value": 1
          }
        ],
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.PowerController",
        "name": "powerState",
        "value": "ON",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 500
      }
    ]
  }
}

AdjustBands directive error handling

If you can't handle an AdjustBands directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.ErrorResponse event. Use the INVALID_VALUE error type if the user requests a band that your device does not support.

ResetBands directive

Support the ResetBands directive so that users can reset the equalizer bands on their devices to their default values.

The following example shows a user utterance:

Alexa, reset bass on the Living Room TV.

ResetBands directive payload details

Field Description Type
bands The bands to reset on the device. Array

ResetBands directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
      "name": "ResetBands",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>",
      "cookie": {}
    },
    "payload": {
      "bands": [
        {
          "name": "BASS"
        },
        {
          "name": "MIDRANGE"
        },
        {
          "name": "TREBLE"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

ResetBands response event

If you handle a ResetBands directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Response event. In the context object, include the values of all relevant properties. You can respond synchronously or asynchronously. If you respond asynchronously, include a scope with an authorization token.

ResetBands response event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa",
      "name": "Response",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>"
    },
    "payload": {}
  },
  "context": {
    "properties": [
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "mode",
        "value": "MOVIE",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "bands",
        "value": [
          {
            "name": "BASS",
            "value": 0
          },
          {
            "name": "MIDRANGE",
            "value": 3
          },
          {
            "name": "TREBLE",
            "value": 1
          }
        ],
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.PowerController",
        "name": "powerState",
        "value": "ON",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 500
      }
    ]
  }
}

ResetBands directive error handling

If you can't handle a ResetBands directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.ErrorResponse event. Use the INVALID_VALUE error type if the user requests a band that your device does not support.

State reporting

Alexa sends a ReportState directive to request information about the state of an endpoint. When Alexa sends a ReportState directive, you send a StateReport event in response. The response contains the current state of all of the retrievable properties in the context object. You identify your retrievable properties in your discovery response. For more information about state reports, see Understand State and Change Reporting.

StateReport response event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa",
      "name": "StateReport",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "correlationToken": "<an opaque correlation token>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>"
    },
    "payload": {}
  },
  "context": {
    "properties": [
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "mode",
        "value": "MOVIE",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "bands",
        "value": [
          {
            "name": "BASS",
            "value": 0
          },
          {
            "name": "MIDRANGE",
            "value": 3
          },
          {
            "name": "TREBLE",
            "value": 1
          }
        ],
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.PowerController",
        "name": "powerState",
        "value": "ON",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 500
      }
    ]
  }
}

Change reporting

You send a ChangeReport event to proactively report changes in the state of an endpoint. You identify the properties that you proactively report in your discovery response. For more information about change reports, see Understand State and Change Reporting.

ChangeReport event example

{  
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa",
      "name": "ChangeReport",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "endpointId": "<endpoint id>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "change": {
        "cause": {
          "type": "VOICE_INTERACTION"
        },
        "properties": [
          {
            "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
            "name": "mode",
            "value": "SPORT",
            "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
            "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  },
  "context": {
    "properties": [
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.EqualizerController",
        "name": "bands",
        "value": [
          {
            "name": "BASS",
            "value": 0
          },
          {
            "name": "MIDRANGE",
            "value": 3
          },
          {
            "name": "TREBLE",
            "value": 1
          }
        ],
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 0
      },
      {
        "namespace": "Alexa.PowerController",
        "name": "powerState",
        "value": "ON",
        "timeOfSample": "2017-02-03T16:20:50.52Z",
        "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": 500
      }
    ]
  }
}