Alexa.Discovery Interface

The Alexa.Discovery interface describes messages used to identify the endpoints associated with the customer's device account. You respond to discovery directives so that Alexa can discover the devices associated with your smart home skill, and you send events proactively to add, update or delete endpoints associated with a customer account.

For an overview of discovery, see About Alexa Discovery.

Interface limits

The discovery interface has the following limits for each customer:

  • Maximum number of endpoints — 300
  • Maximum number of capabilities for each endpoint — 100
  • Maximum payload size for AddOrUpdateReport event — 256 kilobytes (KB)

Utterances

The Alexa.Discovery interface uses the pre-built voice interaction model. The following examples show some user utterances:

Alexa, discover my smart home devices.

Alexa, finde meine smarten Geräte.

Alexa, découvre mes appareils.

アレクサ、デバイスを検出して

Directives and events

Discover directive

Support the Discover directive so that customers find the devices associated with their account. Users can ask Alexa to discover their devices, or they can open the Alexa app and choose discover devices.

Discover directive example

The following example illustrates a Discover directive that Alexa sends to your skill.

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Discovery",
      "name": "Discover",
      "messageId": "Unique identifier, preferably a version 4 UUID",
      "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "payload": {
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "OAuth2.0 bearer token"
      }
    }
  }
}

Discover directive payload details

Field Description Type
scope Provides authorization and identifying information for the request. Use the access token to identify the customer in your system. Scope object

Discover response

If you handle a Discover directive successfully, respond with an Discover.Response event. In your response, return all the devices associated with the customer's device cloud account, and the capabilities that your skill supports for them.

Discover response example

The following example shows a Discover.Response message for a light that supports the Alexa.PowerController and Alexa.BrightnessController interfaces. To see example discover responses for other capabilities, see the documentation for each interface, and Additional Discovery Response Examples. In your list of supported capabilities, include Alexa.EndpointHealth so that Alexa can notify the user when a device experiences a health issue, such as low battery or loss of connectivity. Also, you must include the Alexa interface for all endpoints.

Copied to clipboard.

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Discovery",
      "name": "Discover.Response",
      "payloadVersion": "3",
      "messageId": "Unique identifier, preferably a version 4 UUID"
    },
    "payload": {
      "endpoints": [
        {
          "endpointId": "Unique ID of the endpoint",
          "manufacturerName": "Sample Manufacturer",
          "description": "Smart Light by Sample Manufacturer",
          "friendlyName": "Living Room Light",
          "additionalAttributes":  {
            "manufacturer" : "Sample Manufacturer",
            "model" : "Sample Model",
            "serialNumber": "U11112233456",
            "firmwareVersion" : "1.24.2546",
            "softwareVersion": "1.036",
            "customIdentifier": "Sample custom ID"
          },
          "displayCategories": ["LIGHT"],
          "cookie": {},
          "capabilities": [
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.PowerController",
              "version": "3",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "powerState"
                  }
                ],
                "proactivelyReported": true,
                "retrievable": true
              }
            },
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.BrightnessController",
              "version": "3",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "brightness"
                  }
                ],
                "proactivelyReported": true,
                "retrievable": true
              }
            },
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.EndpointHealth",
              "version": "3.2",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "connectivity"
                  }
                ],
                "proactivelyReported": true,
                "retrievable": true
              }
            },
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa",
              "version": "3"
            }
          ],
          "connections": [
            {
              "type": "TCP_IP",
              "macAddress": "00:11:22:AA:BB:33:44:55"
            },
            {
              "type": "ZIGBEE",
              "macAddress": "00:11:22:33:44:55"
            },
            {
              "type": "ZWAVE",
              "homeId": "0x00000000",
              "nodeId": "0x00"
            },
            {
              "type": "UNKNOWN",
              "value": "00:11:22:33:44:55"
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Discover response payload

Field Description Type Required
endpoints Devices associated with the customer's account, and the capabilities that your skill supports for them. If there are no devices associated with the customer account, return an empty array for this property. The endpoints field is subject to size limits. Array of Endpoint objects Yes

Discover directive error handling

If you can't handle a Discover directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.ErrorResponse event. Use one of the following error types as appropriate: BRIDGE_UNREACHABLE, EXPIRED_AUTHORIZATION_CREDENTIAL, INSUFFICIENT_PERMISSIONS, INTERNAL_ERROR, INVALID_AUTHORIZATION_CREDENTIAL.

AddOrUpdateReport event

You send an AddOrUpdateReport event proactively when a customer adds a new endpoint to their account, or makes changes to an existing endpoint, such as renaming a scene. Send your AddOrUpdateReport message to the Alexa event gateway. You can include all the endpoints associated with the customer account, or only the new or updated endpoints. You can choose based on your skill implementation.

AddOrUpdateReport event example

Copied to clipboard.

POST /v3/events HTTP/1.1
Host: api.amazonalexa.com
Authorization: Bearer access-token-from-Amazon
Content-Type: application/json
{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Discovery",
      "name": "AddOrUpdateReport",
      "payloadVersion": "3",
      "messageId": "Unique identifier, preferably a version 4 UUID"
    },
    "payload": {
      "endpoints": [
        {
          "endpointId": "Unique ID of the endpoint",
          "manufacturerName": "Sample Manufacturer",
          "description": "Smart Light by Sample Manufacturer",
          "friendlyName": "Kitchen Light",
          "additionalAttributes":  {
            "manufacturer" : "Sample Manufacturer",
            "model" : "Sample Model",
            "serialNumber": "Serial number of the device",
            "firmwareVersion" : "Firmware version of the device",
            "softwareVersion": "Software version of the device",
            "customIdentifier": "Optional custom identifier for the device"
          },
          "displayCategories": ["LIGHT"],
          "cookie": {},
          "capabilities": [
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.PowerController",
              "version": "3",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "powerState"
                  }
                ],
                "proactivelyReported": true,
                "retrievable": true
              }
            },
            {
              "type": "AlexaInterface",
              "interface": "Alexa.BrightnessController",
              "version": "3",
              "properties": {
                "supported": [
                  {
                    "name": "brightness"
                  }
                ],
                "proactivelyReported": true,
                "retrievable": true
              }
            }
          ],
          "connections": [
          ]
        }
      ],
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "access-token-from-Amazon"
      }
    }
  }
}

AddOrUpdateReport event payload

Field Description Type Required
endpoints Devices associated with the customer's account, and the capabilities that your skill supports for them. If there are no devices associated with the customer account, return an empty array for this property. The endpoints field is subject to size limits. Array of Endpoint objects Yes
scope Contains a bearer token to identify the customer to Alexa. Scope object Yes

DeleteReport event

You send a DeleteReport event proactively when a customer removes an endpoint from their account. Send your DeleteReport message to the Alexa event gateway.

DeleteReport event example

Copied to clipboard.

POST /v3/events HTTP/1.1
Host: api.amazonalexa.com
Authorization: Bearer access-token-from-Amazon
Content-Type: application/json
{
  "event": {
    "header": {
        "namespace": "Alexa.Discovery",
        "name": "DeleteReport",
        "messageId": "Unique identifier, preferably a version 4 UUID",
        "payloadVersion": "3"
    },
    "payload": {
      "endpoints": [
          {
              "endpointId": "endpoint id 1"
          },
          {
              "endpointId": "endpoint id 2"
          }
      ],
      "scope": {
        "type": "BearerToken",
        "token": "OAuth2.0 bearer token"
      }
    }
  }
}

DeleteReport event payload

Field Description Type Required
endpoints Endpoints to delete from the customer account. Use a valid endpointId defined in the Discover.Reponse or AddOrUpdateReport event. Array of strings Yes
scope Contains a bearer token to identify the customer to Alexa. Scope object Yes

Display categories

When you provide the display category in your discovery response, your endpoint appears in the correct category in the Alexa app, with the correct iconography. The category makes it easier for customers to find and monitor your devices.

Value Description
ACTIVITY_TRIGGER Combination of devices set to a specific state. Use activity triggers for scenes when the state changes must occur in a specific order. For example, for a scene named "watch Netflix" you might power on the TV first, and then set the input to HDMI1.
AIR_CONDITIONER Device that cools the air in interior spaces.
AIR_FRESHENER Device that emits pleasant odors and masks unpleasant odors in interior spaces.
AIR_PURIFIER Device that improves the quality of air in interior spaces.
AUTO_ACCESSORY Smart device in an automobile, such as a dash camera.
BLUETOOTH_SPEAKER Speaker that connects to an audio source over Bluetooth.
CAMERA Security device with video or photo functionality.
CHRISTMAS_TREE Religious holiday decoration that often contains lights.
COFFEE_MAKER Device that makes coffee.
COMPUTER Non-mobile computer, such as a desktop computer.
CONTACT_SENSOR Endpoint that detects and reports changes in contact between two surfaces.
DISHWASHER Appliance that cleans dishes.
DOOR Endpoint that allows entrance to a building, room, closet, cupboard, or vehicle.
DOORBELL Smart doorbell.
DRYER Appliance that dries wet clothing.
EXTERIOR_BLIND Window covering, such as blinds or shades, on the outside of a structure.
FAN Device for cooling or ventilation.
GAME_CONSOLE Video game console, such as Microsoft Xbox or Nintendo Switch
GARAGE_DOOR Endpoint that allows vehicles to enter a garage. Garage doors must implement the Alexa.ModeController interface to open and close the door.
HEADPHONES Wearable device that transmits audio directly into the ear.
HUB Smart-home hub.
INTERIOR_BLIND Window covering, such as blinds or shades, on the inside of a structure.
LAPTOP Laptop or other mobile computer.
LIGHT Light source or fixture.
MICROWAVE Microwave oven cooking appliance.
MOBILE_PHONE Mobile phone.
MOTION_SENSOR Endpoint that detects and reports movement in an area.
MUSIC_SYSTEM Network-connected music system.
NETWORK_HARDWARE Network router.
OTHER Endpoint that doesn't belong to one of the other categories.
OVEN Oven cooking appliance.
PHONE Non-mobile phone, such as landline or an IP phone.
PRINTER Device that prints.
ROUTER Network router.
SCENE_TRIGGER Combination of devices set to a specific state. Use scene triggers for scenes when the order of the state change isn't important. For example, for a scene named "bedtime" you might turn off the lights and lower the thermostat, in any order.
SCREEN Projector screen.
SECURITY_PANEL Security panel.
SECURITY_SYSTEM Security system.
SLOW_COOKER Electric cooking appliance that sits on a countertop, cooks at low temperatures, and is often shaped like a cooking pot.
SMARTLOCK Endpoint that locks.
SMARTPLUG Module plugged into an existing electrical outlet, and then has a device plugged into it. For example, a customer can plug a smart plug into an outlet, and then plug a lamp into the smart plug. A smart plug can control a variety of devices.
SPEAKER Speaker or speaker system.
STREAMING_DEVICE Streaming device, such as Apple TV, Chromecast, or Roku.
SWITCH Switch wired directly to the electrical system. A switch can control a variety of devices.
TABLET Tablet computer.
TEMPERATURE_SENSOR Endpoint that reports temperature, but doesn't control it. The temperature data of the endpoint doesn't appear in the Alexa app. If your endpoint also controls temperature, use THERMOSTAT instead.
THERMOSTAT Endpoint that controls temperature, stand-alone air conditioners, or heaters with direct temperature control. If your endpoint senses temperature but doesn't control it, use TEMPERATURE_SENSOR instead.
TV Television.
VACUUM_CLEANER Vacuum cleaner.
VEHICLE Motor vehicle (automobile, car).
WASHER Appliance that cleans clothing.
WATER_HEATER Device that heats water, often consisting of a large tank.
WEARABLE Network-connected wearable device, such as an Apple Watch, Fitbit, or Samsung Gear.