Alexa.ToggleController 3.0

The Alexa.ToggleController capability interface comprises the mechanics related to control and reporting on the properties of an endpoint that can be set to on or off.

Alexa.ToggleController is an example of a capability primitive, a type of interface that can be implemented multiple times for the same endpoint. The instance field in its capability assertion differentiates between the different endpoint functionalities that leverage Alexa.ToggleController.

You can think of Alexa.PowerController as a pre-built, named instance of the Alexa.ToggleController capability primitive.

It defines reportable state properties and uses the centralized Alexa interface for state reporting.

Dependencies

An endpoint for which support for Alexa.ToggleController 3.0 is asserted must also have Alexa 3.0 or higher implemented on its behalf.

A device maintaining an HTTP/2 connection that implements the Alexa.ToggleController 3.0 capability on its own behalf or on behalf of other connected endpoints must also implement support for Alexa.Discovery 3.0 or higher.

Capability assertion

To use the Alexa.ToggleController capability, it must be asserted in the capabilities list of a Discover.Response or AddOrUpdateReport event in the Alexa.Discovery interface.

The device maintaining the HTTP/2 connection may implement the Alexa.ToggleController capability both on its own behalf as an endpoint and on behalf of other endpoints. The device must assert support for the Alexa.ToggleController capability and its dependencies in the capabilities list for each endpoint that leverages it.

Sample Object

{
  "type": "AlexaInterface",
  "interface": "Alexa.ToggleController",
  "version": "3",
  "instance": "{{STRING}}",
  "properties": {
    "supported": [
      {
        "name": "toggleState"
      }
    ],
    "proactivelyReported": {{BOOLEAN}},
    "retrievable": {{BOOLEAN}},
    "nonControllable": {{BOOLEAN}}
  },
  "capabilityResources": {
    "friendlyNames" [
      // label objects representing
      // friendly names for the instance
    ]
  },
  "semantics": {
    "actionMappings": [
      {
        "@type": "ActionsToDirective",
        "actions": ["{{STRING}}", ...],
        "directive": {
          "name": "{{STRING}}",
          "payload": {}
        }
      },
      ...
    ],
    "stateMappings": [
      {
        "@type": "StatesToValue",
        "states": ["{{STRING}}", ...],
        "value": "{{STRING}}"
      },
      ...
    ]
  }
},
{
  "type": "AlexaInterface",
  "interface": "Alexa",
  "version": "3"
}

Object Parameters

Parameter Description Type
instance The identifier of this instance of Alexa.ToggleController on this endpoint. string
properties.
  proactivelyReported
Whether changes in values of the reportable state properties for this instance of this capability on this endpoint can be reported by the device through the ChangeReport event. boolean
properties.
  retrievable
Whether the values of the reportable state properties for this instance of this capability on this endpoint will be reported by the device through the StateReport event in response the ReportState directive. boolean
properties.
  nonControllable
Whether the values of the reportable state properties for this instance of this capability on this endpoint are non-controllable by the end user.

false is the default, which allows users to control the properties by voice and through the Alexa app.

true allows the endpoint to report the state, but will prevent Alexa from sending the TurnOn and TurnOff directives.
boolean
capabilityResources.
  friendlyNames
A list of label objects to describe the possible friendly names for this instance of this capability on this endpoint.

Examples are available in the capability resources section of the Smart Home Skills Kit documentation.
list
semantics Semantic annotations that allow mapping user utterances with capability directives and states. object
semantics.
  actionMappings[i].
    actions[j]
The identifiers of the utterances that should trigger the directive.

Accepted Values:
Alexa.Actions.Open: "open {endpoint}"
Alexa.Actions.Close: "close {endpoint}"
Alexa.Actions.Raise: "raise {endpoint}"
Alexa.Actions.Lower: "lower {endpoint}"
string
semantics.
  actionMappings[i].
    directive.
      name
Accepted Values:

TurnOn: The identified actions should trigger the TurnOn directive.
TurnOff: The identified actions should trigger the TurnOff directive.
string
semantics.
  actionMappings[i].
    directive.
      payload
Because the TurnOn and TurnOff directives both have empty payload objects, this will always be an empty object. object
semantics.
  stateMappings[i].
    states[j]
The identifiers of the utterances that reflect the specified states.

Accepted Values:
Alexa.States.Open: "is {endpoint} open"
Alexa.States.Closed: "is {endpoint} closed"
string
semantics.
  stateMappings[i].
    value
Accepted Values: ON, OFF string

Reportable state properties

toggleState

Alexa.ToggleController 3.0 defines the toggleState property.

Sample Object

{
  "namespace": "Alexa.ToggleController",
  "instance": "{{STRING}}",
  "name": "toggleState",
  "value": "{{STRING}}",
  "timeOfSample": "{{STRING}}",
  "uncertaintyInMilliseconds": {{LONG}}
}

Object Parameters

Parameter Description Type
instance The identifier of this instance of Alexa.ToggleController on this endpoint. string
value The value of the toggleState property.

Accepted Values: ON, OFF
string
timeOfSample The UTC timestamp corresponding to when the property value was recorded, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ format. string
uncertaintyInMilliseconds The number of milliseconds that have elapsed since the property value was last confirmed. For example, if the device sampled the property value from the endpoint 60 seconds ago, the uncertaintyInMilliseconds would be 60000. long

Directives

TurnOn

AVS will send the TurnOn directive to instruct the device to send a "turn on" signal to the specified endpoint for the specified instance of Alexa.ToggleController 3.0.

The device must send the Response event in the Alexa namespace in response. The DeferredResponse event is not supported as an alternative to sending an immediate Response event.

If the TurnOn directive cannot be successfully executed, the device should send the ErrorResponse event instead.

Sample Message

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.ToggleController",
      "instance": "{{STRING}},
      "name": "TurnOn",
      "payloadVersion": "3",
      "messageId": "{{STRING}}",
      "correlationToken": "{{STRING}}"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "endpointId": "{{STRING}}"
    }
    "payload": {
    }
  }
}

Message Parameters

Parameter Description Type
directive.
  header.
    instance
The identifier of this instance of Alexa.ToggleController on this endpoint. string
directive.
  header.
    messageId
A universally unique identifier (UUID) generated to the RFC 4122 specification. string
directive.
header.
    correlationToken
An opaque token that must be included in any events responding to this directive. string
directive.
  endpoint.
    endpointId
The identifier of the endpoint for which the state is being set. string

Note: The payload is an empty object.

TurnOff

AVS will send the TurnOff directive to instruct the device to send a "turn off" signal to the specified endpoint for the specified instance of Alexa.ToggleController 3.0.

The device must send the Response event in the Alexa namespace in response. The DeferredResponse event is not supported as an alternative to sending an immediate Response event.

If the TurnOff directive cannot be successfully executed, the device should send the ErrorResponse event instead.

Sample Message

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.ToggleController",
      "instance": "{{STRING}},
      "name": "TurnOff",
      "payloadVersion": "3",
      "messageId": "{{STRING}}",
      "correlationToken": "{{STRING}}"
    },
    "endpoint": {
      "endpointId": "{{STRING}}"
    }
    "payload": {
    }
  }
}

Message Parameters

Parameter Description Type
directive.
  header.
    instance
The identifier of this instance of Alexa.ToggleController on this endpoint. string
directive.
  header.
    messageId
A universally unique identifier (UUID) generated to the RFC 4122 specification. string
directive.
header.
    correlationToken
An opaque token that must be included in any events responding to this directive. string
directive.
  endpoint.
    endpointId
The identifier of the endpoint for which the state is being set. string

Note: The payload is an empty object.

Events

Alexa.ToggleController does not define any events within its namespace. Instances of Alexa.ToggleController leverage the centralized state change and reporting mechanisms defined in the Alexa interface and must provide the instance field when including reportable state property objects:

  • Responses to Alexa.ToggleController directives use the Response and ErrorResponse events.
  • Changes to Alexa.ToggleController's reportable state properties detected by the device use the ChangeReport event.
  • The device must use the StateReport event to respond to the cloud's interrogation of Alexa.ToggleController's reportable state properties' values via the ReportState directive.

Additional resources

The Alexa.ToggleController 3.0 capability has its origins in the Alexa Smart Home Skills API. It is now available directly to AVS devices with an HTTP/2 connection, without requiring an AWS Lambda or maintaining a separate cloud service. The following resources provide additional context and examples: