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Manage deferred transactions

You can choose to defer authorizing or capturing payment until after checkout. For example, you might choose to only authorize payment after a back-ordered item becomes available (deferred authorization), or capture payment after an order is shipped (deferred capture).


Deferred authorizations

Prerequisite: You must have a ChargePermissionId for a Charge Permission in the Chargeable state. A Charge Permission is created at the end of a successful checkout after the buyer has returned to the checkoutResultReturnUrl.

Create Charge to authorize a payment. You can specify whether or not you want to capture payment in the same transaction. If the request fails, you should reengage the buyer and ask them to go through checkout again.

Request

curl "https://pay-api.amazon.com/:environment/:version/charges/" \
-X POST
-H "x-amz-pay-idempotency-key: AVLo5tI10BHgEk2jEXAMPLEKEY"
-H "x-amz-pay-authorization: Px2e5oHhQZ88vVhc0DO%2FsShHj8MDDg%3DEXAMPLESIGNATURE"
-d @request_body

Request body

{
    "chargePermissionId": "P21-1111111-1111111",
    "chargeAmount": {
        "amount": "14.00",
        "currencyCode": "USD"
    },
    "captureNow": true, // default is false
    "softDescriptor": "Descriptor",
    "canHandlePendingAuthorization": false //default is false
}

Request parameters

Name
Location
Description
x-amz-pay-idempotency-key
(required)

Type: string
Header
Idempotency key to safely retry requests
chargePermissionId
(required)

Type: string
Body
Charge Permission identifier
chargeAmount
(required)

Type: price
Body
Transaction amount
captureNow

Type: boolean
Body
Boolean that indicates whether or not Charge should be captured immediately after a successful authorization

Default: false
softDescriptor

Type: string
Body
Description shown on the buyer payment instrument statement, if CaptureNow is set to true. Do not set this value if CaptureNow is set to false

The soft descriptor sent to the payment processor is: "AMZ* <soft descriptor specified here>"

Max length: 16 characters
canHandlePendingAuthorization

Type: boolean
Body
Boolean that indicates whether or not merchant can handle pending response

See asynchronous processing for more info
providerMetadata

Type: providerMetadata
Body
Payment service provider (PSP)-provided order details

Only PSPs should use these fields

Response

{
     "chargeId": "P21-1111111-1111111-C111111",
     "chargePermissionId": "P21-1111111-1111111",
     "chargeAmount": {
         "amount": "14.00",
         "currencyCode": "USD"
     },
     "captureAmount": {
         "amount": "14.00",
         "currencyCode": "USD"
     },
     "refundedAmount": {
         "amount": "0.00",
         "currencyCode": "USD"
     },
     "convertedAmount": "14.00",
     "conversionRate": "1.00",
     "softDescriptor": "Descriptor",
     "providerMetadata": {
         "providerReferenceId": null
     },
     "statusDetail": {
         "state": "Captured",
         "reasonCode":null,
         "reasonDescription": null,
         "lastUpdatedTimestamp": "20190714T155300Z"
     },
     "creationTimestamp": "20190714T155300Z",
     "expirationTimestamp": "20190715T155300Z"
}

Deferred captures

Prerequisite: You must have a ChargeId for a Charge object in the Authorized state. A Charge is created each time you attempt to charge the buyer.

Charge State
Description
Within 7 days 
Capture request is processed synchronously. Charge will be in a Captured state, see Charge state explanation below for more info.
After 7 days
Capture request is processed asynchronously. Charge will be in a CaptureInitiated state, see Charge state explanation below for more info.
After 30 days
Charge has expired after 30 days in Authorized state. Charge is in a Canceled state and you can no longer capture funds using this Charge

Attempt to create a new Charge if Charge Permission is in a Chargeable state. Otherwise, contact the buyer to have them checkout again or set up an alternative form of payment

Charge state explanation

Charge State
Description
AuthorizationInitiated
Authorization is pending. See Asynchronous processing section for more info.
Authorized
Payment was successfully authorized. See Deferred transactions for more info.
CaptureInitiated
Payment was successfully authorized and capture is pending. See Asynchronous processing section for more info.
Captured
Payment was successfully authorized and captured
Declined
Payment was declined. See Charge declined state reason code for more info. You should reengage the buyer and ask them to go through checkout again.

Request

curl "https://pay-api.amazon.com/:environment/:version/charges/:chargeId/capture" \
-X POST
-H "x-amz-pay-idempotency-key: AVLo5tI10BHgEk2jEXAMPLEKEY"
-H "x-amz-pay-authorization: Px2e5oHhQZ88vVhc0DO%2FsShHj8MDDg%3DEXAMPLESIGNATURE"
-d @request_body

Request body

{
    "captureAmount": {
        "amount": "14.00",
        "currencyCode": "USD"
    },
    "softDescriptor": "Descriptor"
}

Request parameters

Name
Location
Description
x-amz-pay-idempotency-key
(required)

Type: string
Header
Idempotency key to safely retry requests
chargeId
(required)

Type: string
Path Parameter
Charge identifier
captureAmount
(required)

Type: price
Body
Amount to capture
softDescriptor

Type: string
Body
Description shown on the buyer's payment instrument statement

The soft descriptor sent to the payment processor is: "AMZ* <soft descriptor specified here>"

Max length: 16 characters

Response

{
     "chargeId": "P21-1111111-1111111-C111111",
     "chargePermissionId": "P21-1111111-1111111",
     "chargeAmount": {
         "amount": "14.00",
         "currencyCode": "USD"
     },
     "captureAmount": {
         "amount": "14.00",
         "currencyCode": "USD"
     },
     "refundedAmount": {
         "amount": "0.00",
         "currencyCode": "USD"
     },
     "convertedAmount": "14.00",
     "conversionRate": "1.00",
     "softDescriptor": "Descriptor",
     "providerMetadata": {
         "providerReferenceId": null
     },
     "statusDetail":{
         "state": "Captured",
         "reasonCode": null,
         "reasonDescription": null,
         "lastUpdatedTimestamp": "20190714T155300Z"
     },
     "creationTimestamp": "20190714T155300Z",
     "expirationTimestamp": "20190715T155300Z"
}