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Alexa.Health.Sleep Interface

The Alexa.Health.Sleep interface describes messages that you can use to develop Alexa skills for your sleep tracking apps and devices. You can develop your skill as a stand-alone skill, or you can integrate it with a device, such as a wearable wrist device. Your customers can track sleep for themselves, their children, and other family members. For an overview of the Alexa.Health interfaces, see Understand the Baby Activity Skill API.

For the list of locales that are supported for the Sleep interface, see List of Capability Interfaces and Supported Locales.

Utterances

When you use the Alexa.Health.Sleep interface, the voice interaction model is already built for you. The following examples show some customer utterances:

Alexa, record sleep for thirty minutes.
Alexa, record sleep for my baby from three pm to five-thirty pm today.
Alexa, when did my baby start sleeping?
Alexa, how many hours has Jane slept for today?
Alexa, start sleep tracking.
Alexa, stop sleep tracking.

After the customer says one of these utterances, Alexa sends a corresponding directive to your skill. You identify which directives you support, and for which customers, in the user profile report. You handle the directive and send a response event back to Alexa.

Before you submit your skill for certification, verify that you correctly handle the utterances in the testing guide.

User profile report

When a customer enables your Alexa skill, post a profile report message to Alexa. Your customers create their profiles in your app, and you create an identifier to track them in your app. Send the same identifier to Alexa as profileId in the profile report. If a customer adds, updates, or deletes a profile in your app, post a new profile report message to Alexa.

Identify the directives that your skill supports for each profile as supportedOperations in the profile report. The Get directive is always required. Requirements for other directives are specified in the Directives section.

You can send multiple profiles and multiple capabilities in the profile report. For more information, see User Profiles.

User profile report example

{
  "report": {
    "messageId": "<message id>",
    "profiles": [
      {
        "profileId": "<profile id>",
        "name": {
          "firstName": "Baby",
          "lastName": "Doe",
          "nickNames": ["Baby", "Junior"]
        },
        "capabilities": [
          {
            "name": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
            "type": "AlexaInterface",
            "version": "1",
            "supportedOperations": ["Add", "Get", "Start", "Pause", "Resume", "Cancel", "Stop"]
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

The sleepMeasurement object

The Alexa.Health.Sleep interface uses the sleepMeasurement object as the primary data object.

Sleep measurement details

Field Description Type Required
startTime The time that sleep started, specified in UTC. A string in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ. Yes
endTime The time that sleep ended, specified in UTC. A string in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ. Yes
sleep The duration of the sleep session. Duration might not equal the difference between the end time and the start time, for example if the sleep was paused interrupted. A sleep object that contains a duration string. Yes

Sleep measurement example

{
  "sleepMeasurement": {
    "startTime": "2018-03-14T22:30Z",
    "endTime": "2018-03-15T06:30Z",
    "sleep": {
      "duration": "PT8H"
    }
  }
}

Directives

Add directive

Support the Add directive so that customers can log a sleep session. The Add directive is optional if voice interaction is not required. For example, a wearable device that tracks sleep based on movement can record sleep without voice interaction.

The following example shows a customer utterance:

Alexa, record sleep at ten am.

Add directive payload details

Field Description Type Required
sleepMeasurement The sleep measurement to add. A sleepMeasurement object. Yes

Add directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Add",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile to associate with the sleep session>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "sleepMeasurement": {
        "startTime": "2018-03-14T22:30Z",
        "endTime": "2018-03-15T06:30Z",
        "sleep": {
          "duration": "PT8H"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Add response event

If you handle an Add directive successfully, respond with an AddResponse event.

AddResponse event payload details

Field Description Type Required
entryId Your identifier for the record that you added. String Yes

AddResponse event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "AddResponse",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1",
    },
    "payload": {
      "entryId": "<entry id>"
    }
  }
}

Add directive error handling

If you can't handle an Add directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event.

Start directive

Support the Start directive so that customers can begin timing a sleep session. You can also start a timer retroactively. The Start directive is not required.

The following examples show customer utterances:

Alexa, start sleep for John.
Alexa, start sleep for John starting ten minutes ago.

Start directive payload details

Field Description Type Required
startTime The time that sleep started, specified in UTC. A string in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ. Yes

Start directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Start",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile to associate with the sleep session>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "startTime": "2018-03-14T22:30Z"
    }
  }
}

Start response event

If you handle a Start directive successfully, respond with a standard Alexa.Response event. For more information, see Alexa.Response Interface.

Start directive error handling

If you can't handle a Start directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event. Use the TIMER_ALREADY_RUNNING error type if the timer is already running.

Pause directive

Support the Pause directive so that customers can pause a sleep timer. You can pause a sleep timer retroactively. The Pause directive is not required, and is not allowed, unless the Start directive is supported.

The following examples show customer utterances:

Alexa, pause sleep for Jane.
Alexa, pause sleep for Jane ten minutes ago.

Pause directive payload details

Field Description Type Required
pauseTime The time that sleep paused, specified in UTC. A string in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ. Yes

Pause directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Pause",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile associated with the sleep session>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "pauseTime": "2018-03-15T01:30Z"
    }
  }
}

Pause response event

If you handle a Pause directive successfully, respond with a standard Alexa.Response event. For more information, see Alexa.Response Interface.

Pause directive error handling

If you can't handle a Pause directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event. Use the TIMER_NOT_RUNNING or TIMER_ALREADY_PAUSED error type if appropriate.

Resume directive

Support the Resume directive so that customers can resume a sleep timer. You can resume a sleep timer retroactively. The Resume directive is not required, and is not allowed, unless the Start directive is supported.

The following examples show customer utterances:

Alexa, resume sleep for Jane.
Alexa, resume sleep for Jane five minutes ago.

Resume directive payload details

Field Description Type Required
resumeTime The time that sleep resumed, specified in UTC. A string in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ. Yes

Resume directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Resume",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile associated with the sleep session>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "resumeTime": "2018-03-15T02:30Z"
    }
  }
}

Resume response event

If you handle a Resume directive successfully, respond with a standard Alexa.Response event. For more information, see Alexa.Response Interface.

Resume directive error handling

If you can't handle a Resume directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event. Use the TIMER_NOT_RUNNING or TIMER_NOT_PAUSED error type if appropriate.

Cancel directive

Support the Cancel directive so that customers can cancel a sleep timer. The Cancel directive is not required, and is not allowed, unless the Start directive is supported.

The following example shows a customer utterance:

Alexa, cancel sleep for Jane.

Cancel directive payload details

The payload for the Cancel directive is empty.

Cancel directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Cancel",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile associated with the sleep session>"
    },
    "payload": {
    }
  }
}

Cancel response event

If you handle a Cancel directive successfully, respond with a standard Alexa.Response event. For more information, see Alexa.Response Interface.

Cancel directive error handling

If you can't handle a Cancel directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event. Use the TIMER_NOT_RUNNING error type if the timer is not running.

Stop directive

Support the Stop directive so that customers can stop timing a sleep session. You can also stop a sleep timer retroactively. The Stop directive is not required, and is not allowed, unless the Start directive is supported.

The following examples show customer utterances:

Alexa, stop sleep for John.
Alexa, John woke up ten minutes ago.

Stop directive payload details

Field Description Type Required
stopTime The time that sleep stopped, specified in UTC. A string in ISO 8601 format, YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ. Yes

Stop directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Stop",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile associated with the sleep session>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "stopTime": "2018-03-15T06:30Z"
    }
  }
}

Stop response event

If you handle a Stop directive successfully, respond with a StopResponse event.

StopResponse event payload details

Field Description Type Required
duration The duration of the sleep session. A sleep object that contains a duration string. Yes
entryId Your identifier for the record that you added. You can use this identifier to delete the record in case the customer added the data by mistake. String Yes

StopResponse event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "StopResponse",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1",
    },
    "payload": {
      "duration": "PT30M",
      "entryId": "<entry id>"
    }
  }
}

Stop directive error handling

If you can't handle a Stop directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event. Use the TIMER_NOT_RUNNING error type if the timer is not running.

Get directive

Support the Get directive so that customers can retrieve one or more sleep measurements. The Get directive is required.

The following examples show customer utterances:

Alexa, how long did my baby sleep yesterday?
Alexa, how many hours has Jane slept for today?

Get directive payload details

Field Description Type Required
maxResults The maximum number of results to return in the current page of results. Results beyond this number are paginated. Specify a number greater than zero. Integer Yes
nextToken A token to retrieve additional results if the results are paginated and there are more results. String No
filterParameters An array of filter parameter objects that filters the results of the query. Use "startTime" for the fieldName in your filter parameters when you retrieve sleep measurements. Array No
sortParameters An array of sort parameter objects that sorts the results of the query. Array No

Get directive example

{
  "directive": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "Get",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "profile": {
      "scope": {
        "token": "<an OAuth2 bearer token>"
      },
      "profileId": "<the identifier for the profile associated with the sleep measurements>"
    },
    "payload": {
      "queryParameters": {
        "maxResults": "3",
        "nextToken": "<token indicating starting offset for next paginated result>",
        "filterParameters": [
          {
            "fieldName": "startTime",
            "comparisonOperator": "GTE",
            "value": "2018-05-30T00:00:00Z"
          }
        ],
        "sortParameters": [
          {
            "fieldName": "startTime",
            "order": "ASC"
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
}

Get response event

If you handle a Get directive successfully, respond with a GetResponse event.

GetResponse event payload details

Field Description Type Required
nextToken A token to retrieve additional results if the results are paginated and there are more results. String No
sleepMeasurements The results of the query. An array of sleepMeasurement objects. Yes

GetResponse event example

{
  "event": {
    "header": {
      "namespace": "Alexa.Health.Sleep",
      "name": "GetResponse",
      "messageId": "<message id>",
      "payloadVersion": "1"
    },
    "payload":{
      "nextToken": "4",
      "sleepMeasurements": [
        {
          "startTime": "2018-05-30T22:00Z",
          "endTime": "2018-05-31T06:00Z",
          "sleep": {
            "duration": "PT8H"
          }
        },
        {
          "startTime": "2018-05-31T14:00Z",
          "endTime": "2018-05-31T14:30Z",
          "sleep": {
            "duration": "PT30M"
          }
      },
        {
          "startTime": "2018-05-31T22:30Z",
          "endTime": "2018-06-01T06:30Z",
          "sleep": {
            "duration": "PT8H"
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Get directive error handling

If you can't handle a Get directive successfully, respond with an Alexa.Health.ErrorResponse event. Use the INVALID_NEXT_TOKEN error type if the nextToken is inconsistent with the filter and sort parameters. For more information, see Paginating Results.

Interface Description
Alexa.Health.Weight Describes messages for tracking weight measurements.
Alexa.Health.InfantFeeding Describes messages for tracking and timing infant feeding.
Alexa.Health.DiaperChange Describes messages for tracking diaper changes.